North Africa & West Asia in Transformation
North Africa and West Asia in Transformation (NAWAT):
The NAWAT program was launched in 2010 within the framework of the so-called "Arab Spring" that led to new dynamics, new forms of political action and to a call for freedom, citizenship and democracy in the Middle East and North Africa region.
Within this context, the interplay of religion and politics and the role of religiously inspired political actors are more critical than ever. In many countries of the region, disputes around religious and secular worldviews in politics are pervasive. The emergence of new political actors has a significant impact towards opportunities for peaceful transitions and pluralist societies or approaches leading to increased tensions.
Reinforcing mechanisms for the transformation of violent, or potentially violent, political conflicts with a religious dimension, the program's objective is to contribute to peaceful coexistence between groups with different worldviews. Jointly implemented by the CFG and the "Religion-Politics-Conflict" desk of the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs, the program aims at enhancing the capacity and networks of conflict transformation actors, developing a common and collective understanding of conflicts and supporting local transformation initiatives.
 Conflict transformation mechanism = a structure or process within society for ensuring that change occurs, and that differences and conflicts are addressed in a non-violent manner. The concept of citizenship is instrumental for such mechanisms, encapsulating the principles of civic state (Dawla Madanyah) including political pluralism, inclusiveness and human rights, and implying that citizens are the basic political entity or building bloc of the civic state.
 Conflict Transformation = changing the way of dealing with conflicts by empowering parties and enhancing mutual recognition so as to minimize the use of violence. It involves dealing with direct and indirect/structural causes and aspects of conflict.